By Peter Norvig
Publish 12 months note: First released in 1991
Paradigms of AI Programming is the 1st textual content to educate complex universal Lisp recommendations within the context of establishing significant AI platforms. by means of reconstructing actual, complicated AI courses utilizing state of the art universal Lisp, the e-book teaches scholars and pros find out how to construct and debug strong sensible courses, whereas demonstrating more advantageous programming variety and demanding AI recommendations.
The writer strongly emphasizes the sensible functionality matters desirous about writing actual operating courses of important dimension. Chapters on troubleshooting and potency are incorporated, besides a dialogue of the basics of object-oriented programming and an outline of the most CLOS services. This quantity is a wonderful textual content for a direction on AI programming, an invaluable complement for normal AI classes and an essential reference for the pro programmer.
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Additional info for Paradigms of Artificial Intelligence Programming: Case Studies in Common Lisp
The function f i rst-name is used four times. First, it is entered with name bound to (Madam Major General Paula J o n e s ) . The first element of this list is Madam, and since this is a member of the list of titles, the result is computed by calling f i rst-name again on the rest of the name—(Major General Paula Jones). This process repeats two more times, and we finally enter f i r s t - name with name bound to (Paul a J o n e s ) . Since Pa ul a is not a title, it becomes the result of this call to f i r s t - name, and thus the result of all four calls, as trace shows.
Fourth, note that a wide variety of characters are allowed in symbols: numbers, letters, and other punctuation marks like'+' o r ' ! ' . The exact rules for what con stitutes a symbol are a little complicated, but the normal convention is to use symbols consisting mostly of letters, with words separated by a dash (-), and perhaps with a number at the end. Some programmers are more liberal in nam ing variables, and include characters like'? 1 $/<=>'. For example, a function to convert dollars to yen might be named with the symbol $ - to -yen or $ ->yen in Lisp, while one would use something like Dol 1 arsToYen, dol 1 ars_to_yen or do!
We could also have said ( f i r s t ( f i r s t names)) or even ( f i r s t ( f i r s t - n a m e names)) and still have gotten JOHN, but we would not be accurately representing what is being considered a name and what is being considered a list of names. 6 Using Functions One good thing about defining a list of names, as we did above, is that it makes it easier to test our functions. Consider the following expression, which can be used to test the 1 ast-name function: > (mapcar #'last-name names) (PUBLIC X HOPPER SPOT ARISTOTLE MILNE TOP OLIVIER SCARLET) The funny # ' notation maps from the name of a function to the function itself.