By Christopher R. Browning
Christopher R. Browning addresses probably the most heated controversies that experience arisen from using postwar testimony: Hannah Arendt's uncritical popularity of Adolf Eichmann's self-portrayal in Jerusalem; the conviction of Ivan Demjanuk (accused of being Treblinka demise camp protect "Ivan the Terrible") at the foundation of survivor testimony and its next reversal by means of the Israeli preferrred courtroom; the controversy in Poland sparked through Jan Gross's use of either survivor and communist court testimony in his publication buddies; and the clash among Browning himself and Daniel Goldhagen, writer of Hitler's keen Executioners, concerning method and interpretation within the use of pre-trial testimony. regardless of those controversies and demanding situations, Browning delineates the ways that the severe use of such complex resources gives you telling proof for writing Holocaust background. He examines and discusses starkly varied units of "collected memories"-the voluminous stories of infamous Holocaust offender Adolf Eichmann and the tales of one hundred seventy five survivors of an vague advanced of manufacturing facility slave exertions camps within the Polish city of Starachowice.
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Additional resources for Collected Memories: Holocaust History and Post-War Testimony (George L. Mosse Series in Modern European Cultural and Intellectual History)
One advantage is that survivors are pressed to remember and comment on topics they would otherwise have omitted and to expand on important stories they would otherwise have rushed through. There is one taped interview, for instance, in which the survivor, after talking at length about his harrowing experiences in and escape from the Warsaw ghetto, momentarily could recall little about his nearly two years at Starachowice. 46 • s urvivo r tes tim o nies f rom s tarachowice Somewhat ﬂustered, he was about to move on to Auschwitz.
And what was the purpose of such camps? When Rademacher returned to Berlin ﬁve days later, he found waiting a letter of October 23 from an old friend, Paul Wurm, foreign editor of Der Stürmer. Wurm had been visiting Berlin and had just missed seeing Rademacher, but he had had another interesting conversation of which he hurried to inform Rademacher in a personal note: 34 • perpetrator tes timony “Dear Party Comrade Rademacher! On my return trip from Berlin I met an old party comrade, who works in the east on the settlement of the Jewish question.
From the introduction I learned that I was dealing with a captain of the Order Police. In the postwar years his name had long ago escaped me. Only through the literature did I remember again. ” He did not remember seeing anyone at work there, but Wirth explained that he had to seal all the doors and windows. After the work was concluded, Jews would be killed there with the exhaust gas of a Russian U-boat motor. Eichmann was relieved that he saw no antitank ditches, 26 • perpetrator tes timony no Jews, and no corpses.