By Leon Hogenhuis
This ebook throws a penetrating mild at the existence and paintings of the physiologist became neurologist G.G.J. Rademaker opposed to the historical past of flourishing scientific study within the Netherlands of the early 20th century. It charts the increase and fall of the department of experimental neurophysiology of which Rademaker used to be a grasp, which was once transmitted from Charles Sherrington in England to Rudolf Magnus at Utrecht after which to Rademaker, Magnus's so much gifted student. attaining its apogee within the Twenties and Nineteen Thirties, it used to be changed after global conflict II by means of different much less invasive methods. This biography is a becoming memorial to a guy who, although just a little ignored in his personal land, was once acknowledged as a genius via his friends around the globe.
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Extra info for Cognition and Recognition: On the Origin of Movement: Rademaker (1887-1957) (History of Science and Medicine Library)
The accompanying photo shows de Kleyn, Magnus and Rademaker at the time they were working together on this topic. , “Flexion reflex of the limb, crossed extension-reflex, and reflex stepping and standing”, Journal of Physiol. 40, 28–121, 1910; see p. 112. 32 book ii Fig. 2-4. Magnus, de Kleyn en Rademaker seated at a table in the Physiology laboratory in Utrecht. Rudolf Magnus (1873–1927) became the first professor of pharmacology in the Netherlands in the University of Utrecht in 1908. Before that he worked in Heidelberg, where he had already published a number of original papers on the action of digitalis, the water-balance of the tissues, kidney function and edema, the measurements of pressure in an exposed artery, and the diuretic action of pituarity extracts.
Physiol. 92, 623–643, 1902). At Gottlieb’s Institute of Pharmacology in Heidelberg, he had developed a new technique for studying the automatic rhythm and local reflexes of the intestinal wall. As a student, Magnus had already been deeply impressed by the work of the physiologist W. Kühne (1837–1900), and had attended lectures by the neurologist W. Erb (1840–1921). He had worked under eminent scientists at various laboratories abroad, such as Von Uexküll in Naples as mentioned above (1902), Schäfer (1850–1935) in Edinburgh (1900), Langley (1852–1925) in Cambridge (1905) and Sherrington (1859–1952) in Liverpool in 1908.
The precise nature of the zero condition depends on the nature of the patient’s complaints. For example, if a deaf and dumb subject without labyrinths is immersed in water the body righting reflex will not be operative since there are no optical aids to orientation and as mentioned the labyrinths do not work. Such patients will thus drown if there is no one at hand to help them out of the water. Magnus sketched various such examples in his Cameron Prize lecture delivered at the University of Edinburgh in May 1926.