By Shujie Yao, Pan Wang (auth.)
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Additional info for China’s Outward Foreign Direct Investments and Impact on the World Economy
There are good times ahead’ (Choudhury and Foley, 2008). Some firms from emerging economies also tried to take part in this merger frenzy. The largest, such as CVRD, for example, failed in a takeover bid for Xstrata PLC. Chinalco and Sinosteel, among China’s largest groups, also spent more than $16 billion buying stakes in mining assets worldwide to diversify their sources of raw materials after coal prices tripled and iron ore rose 65 per cent in the first half of 2008. 10 United Co. 3 billion stake in OAO GMK Norilsk Nickel in April 2008, the 16 20 32 Selected China’s large Miners Sinosteel ...
Furthermore, the investments emerging from the developing countries are closely related to the development of home country; therefore, this chapter reviews the relation between OFDI and development in the second section. In the third section, this chapter reviews the gravity model, which is a common specification in FDI empirical studies. In the fourth section, this chapter briefly reviews the history and the background of China’s OFDI. It finds that the reform of OFDI policy has gradually changed China’s approval regime to a more transparent and liberalised one.
630 3,892 6,272 3,820 26,506 123,000 18,964 79,600 54,000 26,000 80,000 Foreign 36,674 54,182 88,663 32,594 52,646 58,726 4,200 165,961 28,198 162,000 33,861 123,000 65,000 36,016 101,016 Total Employment ... ... 1 ... 92 70 65 54 82 78 Rank TNI ... ... 14 17 1 10 ... 109 185 104 121 266 68 334 Foreign ... ... 265 52 10 35 ... 121 474 187 203 286 145 431 Total No. of affiliates Sources: NBS (various years) and UNCTAD (2005, 2008). Data for Rio-Tinto are outdated somewhat as they are based on UNCTAD’s 2005 report, the most recent year in which it was included in the top 100 TNCs from developed countries.