By Diego Rasskin-Gutman, Deborah Klosky
Once we play the traditional and noble online game of chess, we grapple with rules approximately honesty, deceitfulness, bravery, worry, aggression, attractiveness, and creativity, which echo (or let us leave from) the attitudes we absorb our day-by-day lives. Chess is an task within which we install just about all our to be had cognitive assets; for this reason, it makes an incredible laboratory for research into the workings of the brain. certainly, examine into man made intelligence (AI) has used chess as a version for clever habit because the Nineteen Fifties. In Chess Metaphors, Diego Rasskin-Gutman explores basic questions on reminiscence, notion, emotion, realization, and different cognitive procedures in the course of the online game of chess, utilizing the strikes of thirty-two items over sixty-four squares to map the structural and practical association of the mind.
Rasskin-Gutman specializes in the cognitive activity of challenge fixing, exploring it from the views of either biology and AI. studying AI researchers' efforts to application a working laptop or computer that can beat a flesh-and-blood grandmaster (and win a global chess championship), he reveals that the implications fall brief when put next to the actually inventive nature of the human brain.
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Extra resources for Chess Metaphors: Artificial Intelligence and the Human Mind
Summary In the structure and function of the brain, the neurons are the main protagonists of the brain’s capacity to process information. Mechanisms operate inside the neurons to transmit electrical impulses and to generate memories—that is, to strengthen the relations among neurons in the synaptic connections that are made between dendrites and axons. The neocortex is the central processor for decision making, and the limbic system, especially the hippocampus, is the fundamental station for attention and working memory.
These networks have speciﬁc, although not static, connection patterns and in many cases (as is shown below) can be identiﬁed with certain functional modules or parts of modules. Depending on the type of neurotransmitter that is released in the synaptic button, the connection might contribute to the postsynaptic neuron’s excitation or inhibition. This type of regulation of neuron communication (known generically as neuromodulation) is of great importance. Thanks to the differential action of distinct types of neurotransmitters, the brain can enter into different conscious states, such as dreaming or waking consciousness.
As an example, there are the ideas developed by Konrad Lorenz, a winner of the Nobel Prize in medicine for his work in ethology, the science that studies animal behavior. One of the theories proposed by Lorenz at the end of the 1930s postulated the degeneration of civilization as a result of its distance from nature and its excessive cult of urban culture. Carrying out an analogy between the phenomenon of domestication and the phenomenon of civilization, he looked for biological and evolutionary bases to justify the notion of ethnic society, without hiding his affection for the Nazi ideals that possessed, in the eyes of Lorenz, the essential characteristics for saving humanity from the degeneration into which he felt that civilization was falling.