By James Bryant Conant
This publication was once initially released sooner than 1923, and represents a replica of a big ancient paintings, protecting a similar layout because the unique paintings. whereas a few publishers have opted to observe OCR (optical personality reputation) know-how to the method, we think this ends up in sub-optimal effects (frequent typographical error, unusual characters and complicated formatting) and doesn't effectively look after the historic personality of the unique artifact. We think this paintings is culturally vital in its unique archival shape. whereas we attempt to safely fresh and digitally increase the unique paintings, there are sometimes circumstances the place imperfections corresponding to blurred or lacking pages, negative photos or errant marks can have been brought because of both the standard of the unique paintings or the scanning technique itself. regardless of those occasional imperfections, we've got introduced it again into print as a part of our ongoing worldwide publication renovation dedication, offering shoppers with entry to the absolute best ancient reprints. We savour your knowing of those occasional imperfections, and clearly wish you get pleasure from seeing the ebook in a layout as shut as attainable to that meant through the unique writer.
By Leopold, Luna B.; Wolman, M. Gordon; Miller, John P.
A pioneering learn of landform improvement below methods linked to operating water, this article encompasses either box and laboratory study. themes comprise the landscapes of mountains, rivers, and seacoasts; experiences of weathering, weather, and erosion; and insurance of geochronology, drainage styles, channel adjustments, and the evolution of hill slopes.
desk of Contents
Part I. The Evolving panorama 1. The altering Scene
2. Geomorphology and the sector challenge
Part II. strategy and shape three. weather and Denudational approaches
five. The Drainage Basin as a Geomorphic Unit
6. Water and Sediment in Channels
7. Channel shape and approach
eight. Hillslope features and methods
Part III. the consequences of Time nine. Geochronology
10. Drainage trend Evolution
eleven. Channel adjustments with Time
12. Evolution of Hillslopes
By Joel Davis
By Gerhard Sonnert
In keeping with a frequent stereotype, scientists occupy an ivory tower, remoted from different elements of society. to a point this is often actual, and the ensuing freedom to pursue curiosity-driven examine has made attainable awesome medical advances. The spinoffs of "pure" technology, notwithstanding, have additionally had robust affects on society, and the opportunity of destiny affects is even greater.The public and lots of policymakers, in addition to many researchers, have paid inadequate consciousness to the mechanisms for interchange among technology and society that experience built when you consider that international struggle II. Ivory Bridges examines such mechanisms: governmental technological know-how coverage (often regarding the participation of "scientist administrators") and scientists' voluntary public-interest associations.The exam of technology coverage is guided by means of the idea of "Jeffersonian technology" -- -defined as simple study on themes pointed out as being within the nationwide curiosity. The publication illustrates the thought with a old case examine of the Press-Carter Initiative of the past due Nineteen Seventies and proposes Jeffersonian procedure could make a worthwhile addition to destiny technology coverage. The ebook additionally seems to be on the actions of citizen-scientists who've equipped themselves to advertise the welfare of society. It indicates that their a number of and various corporations have made significant contributions to the commonweal and they have helped to avoid technology from turning into both too subservient to executive or too self sufficient. an intensive appendix profiles a wide selection of those enterprises.
By Agustín Udías
This publication offers a complete background of the various contributions the Jesuits made to technology from their founding to the current. It additionally hyperlinks the Jesuits commitment to technology with their particular spirituality which attempts to discover God in all issues. The publication starts off with Christopher Clavius, professor of arithmetic within the Roman collage among 1567 and 1595, the initiator of this practice. It covers Jesuits medical contributions in arithmetic, astronomy, physics and cartography up until eventually the suppression of the order through the Pope in 1773. subsequent, the e-book information the clinical paintings the Jesuits pursued after their recovery in 1814. It examines the institution of a community of observatories through the global; information contributions made to the learn of tropical hurricanes, earthquakes and terrestrial magnetism and examines such very important figures as Angelo Secchi, Stephen J. Perry, James B. Macelwane and Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. From their founding to the current, Jesuits have trodden an unusual route to the frontiers the place the Christian message isn't really but identified. Jesuits’ paintings in technology is additionally an enticing bankruptcy within the common challenge of the relation among technology and faith. This ebook presents readers with a whole portrait of the Jesuit medical culture. Its enticing tale will attract people with an curiosity within the heritage of technology, the heritage of the family members among technological know-how and faith and the heritage of Jesuits.
By Suzanne Sheffield
For generations, aspiring ladies scientists have seemed to Marie Curie, the famed Nobel Prize–winning chemist, for proposal. yet what lesson, precisely, are they to attract from her instance? Marie Curie was once remarkable, yet she used to be traditional besides. She confronted all of the trials and tribulations shared through ladies of her time; moreover, she needed to deal with the obstacles opposed to women’s wider participation in academic associations, in medical perform, attainments and rewards. certainly, her struggles and screw ups let us know extra concerning the destiny of ladies within the sciences, traditionally, than her achievements ever will. From Maria Winkelman’s discovery of the comet of 1702 to the Nobel Prize–winning paintings of twentieth-century scientist Barbara McClintock, girls have performed a crucial position in sleek technological know-how. Their successes haven't come simply, nor have they been continuously famous. this significant publication examines the demanding situations and obstacles ladies scientists have confronted and chronicles their achievements as they struggled to realize acceptance for his or her paintings within the male-dominated global of contemporary technology. because the in simple terms entire textbook to check women’s participation in, and portrayal by means of, Western technological know-how from the clinical revolution to the current, girls and technological know-how is a vital educating and reference software for college students in either the historical past of technology and women’s stories.
By Mark Couch, Jessica Pfeifer
'The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher' contains eleven chapters at the paintings of Kitcher. The chapters are written by way of major students of their box: Nancy Cartwright and Alexandre Marcellesi, Lorraine Daston, Daniel Dennett, John Dupré, Paul E. Griffiths, Michela Massimi, Karen Neander, Gideon Rosen, Michael Smith, Michael Strevens, and Jim Woodward. The individuals elevate serious matters approximately a number of facets of Kitcher's paintings, and every bankruptcy is via a answer from Kitcher. Read more...
By K. Brad Wray
Kuhn's constitution of clinical Revolutions (1962) has been enduringly influential in philosophy of technology, hard many universal presuppositions in regards to the nature of technology and the expansion of clinical wisdom. notwithstanding, philosophers have misunderstood Kuhn's view, treating him as a relativist or social constructionist. during this publication, Brad Wray argues that Kuhn presents an invaluable framework for constructing an epistemology of technology that takes account of the positive position that social components play in medical inquiry. He examines the center strategies of constitution and explains the most features of either Kuhn's evolutionary epistemology and his social epistemology, touching on constitution to Kuhn's constructed view offered in his later writings. The dialogue comprises analyses of the Copernican revolution in astronomy and the plate tectonics revolution in geology. The booklet might be beneficial for students operating in technological know-how experiences, sociologists and historians of technology in addition to philosophers of technological know-how.