Download Benjamin Franklin and the Ends of Empire by Carla J. Mulford PDF

By Carla J. Mulford

Drawing from Benjamin Franklin's released and unpublished papers, together with letters, notes, and marginalia, Benjamin Franklin and the Ends of Empire examines how the early sleek liberalism of Franklin's younger highbrow lifestyles helped foster his imaginative and prescient of independence from Britain that turned his hallmark fulfillment. within the early chapters, Carla Mulford explores the effect of Franklin's kinfolk history-especially their tough occasions in the course of the English Civil War-on Franklin's highbrow lifestyles and his own and political goals.

The book's center chapters express how Franklin's fascination with British imperial technique grew from his personal analyses of the monetary, environmental, and advertisement capability of North the United States. Franklin's involvement in Pennsylvania's politics led him to plan innovations for financial balance, intercolonial exchange, Indian affairs, and imperial protection that may have assisted the British Empire in its attempt to take over the realm. whilst Franklin learned that the objectives of British ministers have been to subordinate colonists in a process that assisted the lives of Britons in England yet undermined the well being of North americans, he started to criticize the ambitions of British imperialism. Mulford argues that Franklin's shrink back from the British Empire begun within the 1750s-not the 1770s, as so much historians have suggested-and happened because of Franklin's perceptive analyses of what the British Empire used to be doing not only within the American colonies yet in eire and India.

In the final chapters, Mulford finds how Franklin eventually grew restive, shaped alliances with French intellectuals and the courtroom of France, and condemned the activities of the British Empire and imperial politicians. As a complete, Mulford's booklet presents a clean studying of a much-admired founding father, suggesting how Franklin's belief of the freedoms espoused in England's a long time previous Magna Carta should be learned within the political lifetime of the recent American country.

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Especially in the 1750s and early 1760s, when Franklin conceived that Britain’s colonial problems might still be resolved by an improved relationship between the British administration and British colonial peoples, he took every possible opportunity to make known his position about the mutual dependence and common bonds—the “interest of humanity,” as he often called it—of Britons on both sides of the Atlantic. For Franklin, the ends of empire were the interests of humanity and the interests of the people.

Franklin’s theories on imperialism, liberalism, natural rights and obligations, the social compact—all were open to continual interrogation, revision, reformulation. His view of the dignity and value of labor never changed. 14 Introduction Franklin’s mature position on liberalism began to take shape during the 1750s. In that decade, he created and started publicly to circulate his goals and strategies for retaining the British Empire intact. He was developing self-conscious intellectual, social, and structural policies that he explained to leaders such as Cadwallader Colden (1688–1776), Thomas Pownall (1722–1805), and William Shirley.

It was Wells under whose vicarage the town of Banbury became noted for its Puritanism, but Wells, in fact, was moderate when compared with some of his peers. He put himself on the line at the time Charles I was imprisoned and about to be tried in special tribunal in Westminster in January 1649. Parliament had resolved to try the king for high treason, which could only end in Charles’s execution. Gathering to himself a group of clergy from Oxfordshire and Northamptonshire, Wells formally petitioned Parliament to reconsider its resolution.

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