By Didier Fassin
The nation is usually considered as an summary and impartial bureaucratic entity. by contrast good judgment inspiration, At the center of the State argues that it's also a concrete and positioned truth, embodied within the paintings of its brokers and inscribed within the problems with its time.
The results of a five-year research performed via ten students, this e-book describes and analyses the police, the courtroom approach, the felony gear, the social companies, and psychological healthiness amenities in France. Combining family tree and ethnography, its authors exhibit that those nation associations don't easily enforce legislation, ideas and techniques: they mobilise values and impacts, decisions and feelings. In different phrases, they mirror the morality of the state.
Of large curiosity to either social scientists and political theorists, this paintings will make an enormous contribution to the ever increasing literature at the modern state.
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Additional info for At the Heart of the State: The Moral World of Institutions
30 This line of reasoning was adopted by Alain Peyrefitte in order to justify his Liberty and Security Act of 1981, which reformed the in flagrante delicto trial (giving the procedure its present form), while at the same time amended the Penal Code to include repressive measures like increased penalties for repeat offenders, constraints on suspended sentences, and limits placed on parole. Partial revisions to this law would be made by the new Socialist government when it later passed the Law of June 10, 1983, but the procedure of “direct referral to the criminal court” was nevertheless retained.
The path of Mr. Traoré from his identity check to his conviction in criminal court suggests one thing: the delinquency that is being prosecuted seems to be constructed by the very system put in place to manage it. In a justice that is overburdened and perpetually lacking in resources, this issue is especially crucial. Second, in this swift prosecution, a moral discourse is realized through the hearing. What occurs in the courtroom is a small part of the entire process. The values on behalf of which the system works are publicly asserted: the importance of employment, the possibility of integration, and civic responsibility— and, more generally, an application in situ of individual responsibility.
With in flagrante delicto, the state management of social problems related to the modern condition (mobility, insecurity, urban marginality) acquired a penal dimension. This trend continues under the form of immediate appearance trials, even though the realities to which the social exclusion refers have since changed. 27 Practices of moral regulation do not mask other forms of political and social control, but coexist alongside them, says Allan Hunt. ”28 22 AT THE HEART OF THE STATE In recent times, two moments have come to illustrate the reconfiguration of the moral issues underlying the political uses of the justice system: on the one hand, the expansion and increasing usage of immediate appearance trials beginning in the early 1980s, and on the other hand, the repressive evolution of the legislative and judicial system since the 2000s.