By Steven Beller
Anti-Semitism has been a chillingly continual presence in the course of the final millennium, culminating nowa days within the horror of the ultimate answer. This Very brief creation examines and untangles a few of the strands of anti-Semitism visible all through historical past, revealing why hatred of the Jews seems to be so chronic via time. Steven Beller illuminates the historical past of the phenomenon: from medieval spiritual clash, to the expansion of anti-Semitism as a political and ideological move within the nineteenth century, to the "new" anti-Semitism of the twenty first century, as mirrored in Holocaust denial and Islamic anti-Zionism. the writer additionally discusses the position and attitudes of key figures reminiscent of Wagner, Nietzsche, and Marx, in addition to key texts akin to the cast "Protocols of the Elders of Zion." in brief, this compact e-book deals an insightful account that underscores how anti-Semitism reached it its darkish apogee within the worst genocide in smooth history--the Holocaust--and the way it nonetheless persists around the globe today.
The most powerful a part of Beller's e-book is his exemplary introductory bankruptcy, "What is Anti-Semitism?", which can be required interpreting for all scholars of the Nazis and the Sah, of ethnic violence and of historiography. magazine of contemporary Jewish Studies
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Extra resources for Antisemitism: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)
Similarly, a pantheon of cultural and intellectual ﬁgures – from Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Heinrich Heine, and Ludwig Börne at one end, to Arnold Schoenberg, Franz Kafka, Sigmund Freud, and Albert Einstein at the other – provided an immense Jewish participation in modern culture in German Central Europe. A cultural irrationalist or conservative nationalist in late 19th-century Central Europe, opposed to and threatened by rationalist modernity, would easily have associated Jews with what he feared and detested, because Antisemitism 7.
Disraeli was admittedly 15 The burden of the past While Jews had been expelled from most of Western Europe by 1500, they had found refuge, and a degree of prosperity, in lands such as the Netherlands, northern Italy, and the Ottoman Empire. They had been welcomed en masse in Poland from the 13th century onwards, speciﬁcally to act as a commercial middle class between the landed nobility and the peasantry. For several centuries, Jews in Poland enjoyed relative tolerance and prosperity, and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was home to most of Ashkenazi Jewry into the 18th century.
Culturally and politically, this emancipatory tradition provided Jews with an overall proﬁle that differed quite markedly from the non-Jewish part of German and Austrian society, and produced an identiﬁable Jewish ‘sub-culture’ in German Central European society. Jews did not ‘disappear’ into German and Austrian society as had been predicted. In retrospect, this Jewish ‘difference’, socially, culturally, and economically, might have been expected, and somewhat similar social and economic patterns were evident in Western European countries as well.