By Jesse Tilly
Ant is the optimum construct administration instrument to be used in Java environments. not like conventional construct administration instruments similar to GNU Make, Ant is itself written in Java, is platform self sufficient, and interfaces good with the utilities in Sun's Java software program improvement package (SDK). as well as being platform self reliant, Ant is usually self sufficient of the built-in improvement atmosphere (IDE) getting used. IDE independence is necessary for open resource initiatives (or different initiatives) within which a number of the builders may possibly use various IDEs. utilizing Ant, Java builders can: * outline construct chunks, the consequences that they need to produce, and the dependencies among them * instantly retrieve resource code from resource keep watch over structures comparable to PVCS * construct purposes through having Ant assemble the required resource documents within the right orderAnt construct documents are written utilizing XML-a well-established standard-so programmers utilizing Ant aren't required to benefit another scripting language. they are going to most likely already be aware of XML, and should manage to leverage that wisdom. Ant is an open resource venture, and a part of the Jakarta undertaking. Jakarta is Sun's open resource reference implementation for the JSP and Servlets requisites, and is a part of the Apache group's paintings
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Extra info for Ant: The Definitive Guide
Instead, think of Ant as making a list of targets for future use. The list consists only of target names and attributes, and any invalid values in these particular items cause Ant to fail. With project-level tasks and DataTypes, errors occur as you might expect. Errors in reading a DataType's element or executing the DataType's operations are build errors, and Ant handles them as such. , it finds
Ant manages the values of these DataTypes so that you can define a DataType once and reference it other times. 5, expected to be released after this book is published, will have a solution for referencing DataTypes across buildfile contexts. As for the destination for the compiled classes, we use the destdir attribute to specify that information. Since the destination directory is always a single directory and not a collection of files or a directory path, we use an attribute and a property rather than a DataType.
These belong in /bin, also. While relying upon executables may be your easiest option for performing functions not supported by current Ant tasks, consider writing a custom task instead since executables usually eliminate the crossplatform capabilities of Ant. As for documentation, we place non-JavaDoc documentation in the /doc directory. This may include READMEs for the project, end-user documentation, and documentation for the included libraries. Basically, any documentation the build cannot generate.