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Extra resources for Allium sativum: chemical constituents, medicinal uses and health benefits

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Gastric carcinoma. N Engl J Med, 6, 333(1), 32-41. (2001). Suppression of chemical carcinogenesis by water-soluble organosulfur compounds1. J. Nutr, 131, 1049S-1053S. Garty, B. Z. (1993). Garlic burns. , Rong, Y. & Lau, B. H. S. (1997). S-ally cysteine inhibits activation of nuclear factor kappa B in human T cells. Free Radic. Biol. Med, 23, 345-350. (2010). Garlic (Allium sativum L) and cardiovascular diseases. Bratisllek listy, 111, 452-456. , et al. (2005). The antiatherogenic effect of allicine: possible mode of action.

J. (1993). Free radicals in the genesis of alzheimer’sdisese. Ann. N. Y. acad. Sci, 695, 73-76. Ross, R. (1999). Atherosclerosis--an inflammatory disease. N Engl J Med, 340,115-26. , Matsuura, H. & Itakura, Y. (2001). Nα-(1-Deoxy-D-fructose1-yl)-L-Arginine, an antioxidant compound identified in aged garlic extract. J. Nutr, 131, 972S-976S. Sangeetha, T. & DarlinQuine, S. (2006). Preventive effect of S-allyl cysteine sulfoxide (alliin) on cardiac marker enzymes and lipids in isoproterenolinduced myocardial injury.

The result obtained at optimum extraction conditions recovers 90% of alliin from fresh garlic cloves. In general, substrates of alliinase reaction contain the following structural features: (a) they must be derivatives of cysteine; (b) the sulfur atom of the cysteine derivative must link to alk(en)yl group; (c) the amino group of the cysteine portion of the compound must not be blocked; and (d) the sulfur atom of the cysteine derivative must be a sulfoxide. , 2015). , 2014). Small et al. (1947) considered thiosulfinates as a new class of antibacterial compounds and chemically synthesized many different thiosulfinates.

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