By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of outdated English, quantity 1: Phonology used to be a landmark ebook that during the intervening years has now not been passed in its intensity of scholarship and value to the sphere. With the 2011 posthumous booklet of Richard M. Hogg’s Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this whole work.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of previous English reviews and in linguistic theory
- Takes complete good thing about the Dictionary of Old English venture at Toronto, and comprises complete cross-references to the DOE data
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative conception and similar topics
- Provides fabric an important for destiny study either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in historic sociolinguistics
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Old English
The only possible orthographic evidence which might suggest that there was a palatal allophone of /k/, that is, [c], before front vowels Orthography and phonology 29 comes from the Ruthwell Cross, where the symbol • is used for /k/ before a front vowel in contrast to † which is used elsewhere. Thus we find RuthCr Åyninc ‘king’, unÅet ‘us two’ against krist, kwdmu ‘they came’, see Page (1973: 152), Campbell (1959: §427n1). But Ball (1988: 115–16) argues convincingly that the two runes are merely allographs of the same grapheme, without phonological significance, against, for example, King (1986: 60–1).
26 Stockwell and Barritt (1951, 1955, 1961) and Stockwell (1958) agree with Daunt in claiming that the second element of the digraphs was diacritical, but differ in asserting that its purpose was to indicate a ‘back’ (= centralized and possibly lowered) allophone of the relevant monophthong. Thus it is claimed that if 〈æ〉 represents [æ], then 〈ea〉 represents [ã],1 both of which are allophones of the same phoneme /æ/. 24. 23 no more adequately than does Daunt’s, and there is one further objection to be made.
18, presumably to avoid **〈uuui-〉. 31n2. 33 Except where 〈e〉 is a diacritic (eo) represented a diphthong both short and long, distinguished from 〈Co〉 only by the height of the first element. 30, 32. 155–62. As with Co, there are a few early spellings with 〈u〉 as second element, suggesting an earlier pronunciation /È, eu/. Examples of bu from Gmc *eu are: EpGl 940 stbupfæder ‘stepfather’, EpGl, ErfGl 726 trbulesnis ‘faithlessness’. ,2 Bede(M)† 2umer (< *Euhmer), LVD† Friu/uulf (< *Fri/u-). 1 2 Cnbowe has the vowel of the ind.