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By Georgina M. Montgomery

A significant other to the heritage of yankee Science deals a set of essays that supply an authoritative evaluation of the newest scholarship at the historical past of yankee science.

  • Covers issues together with astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, monstrous technology, army expertise, and more
  • Features contributions by way of the main complete students within the box of technology history
  • Covers pivotal occasions in U.S. heritage that formed the advance of technological know-how and technological know-how coverage reminiscent of WWII, the chilly struggle, and the Women’s Rights movement

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Extra info for A Companion to the History of American Science

Example text

Early in their development, the institutions embraced the agricultural sciences, as the application of the scientific method promised to both raise the status of the American farmer and improve the economic viability of farms (Rosenberg 1997). They conducted and continue to conduct research on a multiplicity of agricultural topics, such as soil fertility, cover crops, and farming methods, both at the university proper and at experiment stations. Similar to MacKenzie’s (1991) triangular partnership, Rosenberg (1997) argues that the United States’ early success in agricultural research was a result of a three-way partnership between universities, experiment stations, and extension services.

As western settlement continued, explorers, soldiers, and settlers sent a steady stream of ethnological material to the Smithsonian, ranging from word lists to human remains. Among its most prolific collectors was army major John Wesley Powell (1834–1902), who led a government survey of the Colorado River and wrote about the Indian nations of the southwest (Powell ANTHROPOLOGY 25 1875). Powell took over the US Geological Survey and eventually founded the Bureau of Ethnology (later the Bureau of American Ethnology, BAE) in 1879.

Today the three-way partnership between universities, experiment stations, and extension service forms the backbone of current research that has far-reaching implications well beyond the United States’ borders and is our best hope for addressing many “wicked” or overly complicated issues that we face today. Bibliographic Essay Agricultural science has a long history, beginning alongside the birth of empirical methods of knowledge production. In fact, it is one of the oldest applied sciences and for this reason literature on this topic is vast.

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